A Sax Institute Evidence Review is a fast and accurate summary of the latest health evidence, presented in an easy-to-read format.

Our Knowledge Exchange team creates Evidence Reviews to support a range of decisions in health and social services, policy and programs.

This Evidence Review Library houses a selection of reviews conducted for policy agencies over the past two years.

To commission a review call + 61 2 9188 9500 or email the Knowledge Exchange team.

Physical density to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 in hospital wards

22 March 2021. This Evidence Snapshot was commissioned by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care to support decision making on management of hospital inpatients to reduce transmission of COVID-19. It looked at the evidence for physical distancing in hospital wards as a means of preventing...


Lifestyle modification programs

22 March 2021. This Evidence Check review explored factors contributing to effective referral to population based lifestyle modification programs for people with chronic disease. It considered factors which influence practitioner referrals to such programs and factors influencing the likelihood of the patient engaging with and completing a program. The...


Pharmacological actions and associated therapeutic levels of phytocannabinoids

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20 January 2021. This review examined the pharmacological and possible therapeutic effects of various plant-derived cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids) in adults and children. There is reasonably good evidence of the therapeutic effects of CBD, with no evidence of THC-like intoxication. Evidence relating to potential therapeutic effects of the remaining phytocannabinoids mostly...


Drug and alcohol psychosocial interventions

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16 December 2020. This Evidence Check reviewed effective psychosocial interventions for the management of people with alcohol and other drug issues. The review also aimed to identify the most effective psychosocial interventions for special population groups. A range of psychosocial interventions were examined, including behavioural, motivational, psychodynamic, counselling, mindfulness-based...


The Arts and Creative Industries in Health Promotion

1 December 2020. A National Arts and Health Framework was endorsed by all Australian states and territories in 2014; acknowledging the role of the arts in contributing to health and wellbeing.  This review, commissioned by VicHealth, aimed to identify: effective approaches for improving arts participation (especially in priority groups);...


Workforce recruitment and retention: alcohol and other drug services

17 November 2020. This Evidence Check examined barriers to, and effective strategies for, recruitment and retention of AOD (alcohol and other drug) health professionals in Local Health Districts and non-government organisations. Regarding recruitment the report makes 16 recommendations across four overlapping themes. The authors then propose six strategies to...


The efficacy of respirators and medical masks for healthcare workers to reduce transmission of COVID-19

August 2020. This Evidence Snapshot is a rapid review of the evidence for the efficacy healthcare workers use of N95 masks compared with surgical masks in reducing COVID-19 transmission in hospitals and residential aged-care. The review identified 13 reviews and one commentary addressing comparative effectiveness of respirators and medical...


What is known about aerosol transmission of SARS-CoV-2?

17 November 2020. This Evidence Snapshot is a rapid review of current knowledge about aerosol transmission of COVID-19. The review found overall inconclusive evidence regarding the extent of aerosol transmission of SARS-CoV-2; from the evidence available it appears that transmission is likely to occur on a spectrum between droplet...


Mental wellbeing interventions

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22 October 2020. This Evidence Check reviewed recent evidence on risk and protective factors for mental ill health and mental wellbeing. It also aimed to identify effective interventions for mental ill health prevention and positive mental wellbeing promotion. The review will support development of VicHealth’s submission to the Royal...


Year 7 School-based health checks

Evidence Check cover: Year 7 school-based health checks

22 October 2020. This Evidence Check will be used to inform development of the ACT Year 7 Health Check which will examine adolescent health and wellbeing in the ACT. It identified validated tools for school-based screening and surveillance of weight status and social and emotional wellbeing of students aged...